By googling, I have found some amazing Mongolian photos.

1. Mongolian photos. by Danielle Caceres-Bricheno

In above link you can find lots of Mongolian photos. Personally, I liked the photos very much. Really impressive photos. If you want to travel to Mongolia you should see this link.

Also, I have you this link. You can find some photos which were I took in 2006 when I went to Ulgii.

Additionally, in this link , you can find  some hikers  photo taken in Altai Tavan Bogd Mountains.

There are many places to see in Bayan-Ulgii provinces of Mongolia.

  • Ulgii (Olgii). Elevation 1710m. Olgii, the capital of the aimag, is an ethnically Kazakh city that happens to be in Mongolia. You can certainly feel that you are in a Muslim-influenced Central Asian region, rather than in Mongolia: many places have squat toilets; in the city, there are signs in Arabic and Kazakh Cyrillic; the market, which is called a bazar rather than the Mongolian zakh, sells the odd kebab (shashlyk) and is stocked with goods from Kazakhstan. Olgii is 1645km from Ulaanbaator but only 225km from Russia.
    Olgii is suffering from the outflow of Kazakhs to Kazakhstan following the break up of the Soviet Union. Olgii is the only aimag capital to have a serious decline in population: about 9000 Kazakhs left the city in 1992 and 1993. Many have since returned, disillusioned with life in the exSoviet republic and the population is rising once again.
    The aimag museum gives an excellent of overview of Kazakh culture and of the geography of Bayan-Olgii. The 2nd floor is devoted to history, and the 3rd floor has some interesting displays; entry costs T 1000.
  • Olgii’s mosque and madrasah (Islamic place of learning) is worth a quick look, especially on Friday at lunch time when weekly prayers are held, though you may not be allowed inside. The mosque holds the offices of the Islamic Centre of Mongolia. Its unusual angle is due to its orientation to Mecca.

Ulgii central museum.
  • Tsagaannuur. Yet another place called Tsagaanuur (White Lake); the town is less famous for its lake (there are several bigger and nicer ones nearby) than as the starting point for travel by road into Russia.
  • Tsast Uul. The two sums (districts) of Altantsogts and Bayannuur are about 50km south-east of Olgii, on the border with Khovd aimag. They are full of lush valleys with friendly Kazakh and Mongol nomads in summer, dozens of tiny unmapped lakes and soaring, permanently snowcapped peaks, such as Tsast Uul (4193m).
  • Altay Tavanbogd Natural Park. This stunningly beautiful park stretches south from Tavanbogd Uul and includes the three stunning lakes of Khoton Nuur, Khurgan Nuur and Dayan Nuur. It’s a remote area, divided from China by the high wall of snowcapped peaks, and known to local Kazakhs as the Syrgali region.
    All three lakes are the source of the Khovd Gol, which eventually flows into Khar Us Nuur in Khovd aimag. It’s possible to make rafting trips down river from Dayan Nuur, though no agencies offer this at present.
    There are many archeological sites in the region. As the main road through the region swings towards the southern shore of Khurgan Nuur you can see a stupa-like construction and several burial sites. Nearby is a balbal (Turkic stone statue) and the remains of a processional pathway. Further along the road is a wooden Kazakh mosque, with a ger-shaped roof.
    Further north-west, along the south-western shore of Khoton Nuur, the road deteriorates and there are several rivers to cross as they flow into the lake. North-west of Khoton Nuur the mountains close in and there’s some fine trekking possibilities.Tavanbogd (Five Saints) mountain rises 4374m above the borders of three nations, and for this reason it is also known as Nairamdal (Friendship) Peak. If you sit on the summit, you can simultaneously be in Mongolia, China and Russia (though you won’t need a visa for all three).
    Tavanbogd is one of Mongolia’s most spectacular peaks, of interest to professional climbers, and the only one in Bavan-Olgii to be permanently covered with large glaciers (including the 19km long Potanii Glacier, the longest in Mongolia). It’s fairly dangerous, and to climb it you need to be with an experienced group properly equipped with ice axes, crampons and ropes. Don’t even consider attempting it solo. The best time to climb is August and September, after the worst of the summer rains.The massif is made up of five peaks (the five saints) – Khuiten, Naran, Olgii, Buraed and Nairamdal – the highest of which is Khuiten (meaning ‘cold’) at 4374m.
  • Tolbo Nuur. Tolbo Nuur (Frog Lake) is about 50km south of Olgii, on the main road between Olgii and Khovd city, so it’s an easy day trip or stopover. The saltwater lake is high (2080m), expansive and eerie, but a bit disappointing because the shoreline is treeless. There are a few gers around the lake, and the water is clean enough for swimming if you don’t mind icy temperatures. If you want to see, and camp at, some better lakes, keep traveling on to Uvs aimag.


Bayan-Ulgii provinces of Mongolia has several protected areas by Mongolian government. There are some unique species in this provinces that are listed in red book.

Most of the parks come under the jurisdiction of the Mongol Altai Nuruu Special Protected Area. Environmentalists hope that further sections of Bayan-Olgii will become national parks to preserve the argali sheep, ibex and snow leopard, as well as the important sources of lakes and rivers in the Great Lakes depression in the Uvs and Khovd aimags.

  • Altai Tavanbogd National Park (636,161 hectares). Takes in Tavanbogd Uul, Mongolia’s highest mountain, and the stunning lakes of Khoton, Khurgan and Dayan. Fauna includes argali sheep, ibex, maral (Asiatic red deer), stone marten, deer, elk, Altai snowcock and eagles.

The Altay Tavan Bogd Mountains(Five Saints) have the five highest peaks in Mongolia:

  • Huiten (Cool) Peak 4374 m (Great Mongol)
  • Burged Peak (Eagle)4310 m
  • Naran Peak (Sunny)4280 m
  • Ulgii Peak(Motherland) 4100 m
  • Malchin Peak (Herdsman)4138 m

Huiten (Cool) Peak (4374m), is located overlooking the borders of three country – Mongolia, Russia and China. For this reason it is called Nairamdal (Friendship) Peak.

  1. Great Mongol peak 4374 m
    1. greatmgl1_big.jpg
  2. Burged peak 4310 m
    1. burged_greatmgl2_big.jpg
  3. Naran peak 4280 m
    1. naran_greatmgl3_big.jpg
  4. Ulgii peak 4100m
    1. ulgii_greatmgl4_big.jpg
  5. Malchin peak 4138 m
    1. malchin_greatmgl5_big.jpg
    • Khokh Serkh Strictly Protected Area (65,920 hectare). A mountainous area on the border with Khovd, which protects argali sheep and ibex.
    • Siylkhem Nuruu National Park (14,080 hectares). This new park, created in 2000, has two sections, one around Ikh Turgen Uul, the other further east.
    • Develiin Aral Natural Reserve (10,300 hectares). A remarkable habitat around Develiin Island in the L’san Khooloi and Khovd rivers. Established in 2000, it is home to pheasants, boars and beavers.
    • Tsambagarav L’ul National Park (110,960 hectares). Established in 2000 to protect glaciers and the snow leopard habitat borders on Khovd.
      • tsambagarav1.jpg
      • thasmagarav_.jpg

      About Ulgii

      The Bayan-Ölgii aimag (Mongolian: Баян-Өлгий Аймаг)(Alternately spelled Olgiy, Ulgii, etc. . .) is one of the 21 Aimags (provinces) of Mongolia. The Bayan-Ölgii aimag was established in 1940. Its capital is Ulgii city.


      Bayan-Ulgii is Mongolia ‘s “Roof of the World”, a remote land of high mountains, even glaciers, steep slopes and rushing torrents. It is the western most aimag in Mongolia. It is very different than the rest of the country however. . Thus the speech, religion, and customs of the people are very different. Bayan Ulgii covers an area of 45,700 square kilometers.



      Unlike the rest of Mongolia the main population in this aimag is Kazakh. (88.7%). Smaller parts of the population are composed of Uriankhai (7.2%), Dörvöd (1.5%), Khalkha, Tuva and Khoshuud. A significant portion of the population speaks Kazakh language(Қазақ тілі) as their mother tongue and the Mongolian language only as a second language, if at all.

      After democratization, many inhabitants moved to their historical homeland, Kazakhstan, assuming they would find a better future there. The result was a noticeable loss of population in 1991-1993, when approx. 30,000 were repatriated to Kazakhstan.

      38,800 44,600 47,800 58,100 66,600 71,400 74,500 82,400 90,900 102,817 75,043 82,259 87,341 94,094 98,066 99,112 95,758

      Administrative subdivisions

      Bayan-Ulgii has 12 sub administrative divisions which are called “sum”.

      Sum Mongolian Sum population (1985)[7] Sum population (1994)[8] Sum population (2005)[3] Sum centre population (2005)[3] Area (km²)[7] Density (/km²)
      Altai Алтай 3,400 3,237 3,914 977 3,200 1.22
      Altantsögts Алтанцөгц 3,300 3,038 3,038 1,302 1,800 1.69
      Bayannuur Баяннуур 4,800 4,507 5,320 2,005 2,300 2.31
      Bugat Бугат 3,300 2,777 3,604 1,109 2,000 1.80
      Bulgan Булган 5,000 5,115 5,901 1,298 5,000 1.18
      Buyant Буянт 2,300 2,546 3,002 722 1,800 1.67
      Delüün Дэлүүн 6,600 6,782 8,183 1,507 5,600 1.46
      Nogoonnuur Ногооннуур 7,500 * 6,331 6,539 2,160 5,300 * 1.52 *
      Ölgii (city) Өлгий 24,000 21,569 28,248 27,568 100 282.48
      Sagsai Сагсай 4,100 3,746 5,185 1,235 3,100 1.67
      Tolbo Толбо 4,100 3,746 4,260 986 3,000 1.42
      Tsagaannuur Цагааннуур - 1,878 1,528 1,270 - -
      Tsengel Цэнгэл 6,700 6,539 8,364 1,597 6,500 1.29
      Ulaankhus Улаанхус 7,300 6,807 8,672 1,304 6,000 1.45


      By air

      The Ölgii Airport (ULG/ZMUL) has one unpaved runway. It offers regular flights to Ulan Bator and irregular flights to Almaty in Kazakhstan.

      There are MIAT(Mongolian Airlines),Eznis and Aero Mongolia that offers local flights. Currently, Eznis is offering flights between Ulgii and Ulaanbaatar.

      By land

      A road connecting to Russia starts in Tsagaannuur sun. The border with China is open for some periods of year. People can come to Bayan-Ulgii by passing Russia or Kazakhstan if they want to come from Europe.

      Also to the 21 subdivisions of Ulgii, the only means of transportation is by jeep.


      Almost every home have installed local phones. Mongolian code is +976. Bayan-Ulgii code is +01422. There are two main mobile operators. Main mobile operator is MobileCom Co,..Ltd. MobileCom serves services based on GSM system. So, if your country has the sam system you can bring your mobile phone and can be used in Ulgii.

      Another one is Skytel Co,..Ltd. System of Skytel is based on CDMA system.


      Not only in minority Kazakhs in Mongolia, but also all kazakh people around the globe are traditionally lived nomadic life.

      Kiiz ui is traditional Kazakh home.

      About this blog

      Hello all,

      I am Janar. I was born in Ulgii provinces of Mongolia. This blog is dedicated to those  who are traveling to Ulgii, who are willing to learn minority Kazakh ethnicity population in Mongolia and their unique cultural differences. 

      In this blog, I hope, I will write about history of Kazakh ethnicity in Mongolia, culture of Kazakh ethnicity in Mongolia. I hope I will also give some very important guideliness to those who are planning to visit Ulgii city in the future.

      In this blog you can seek following information with same galleries.

      1. Kazakh handcrafts
      2. Eagle hunting
      3. Kazakh traditional yurta
      4. About Ulgii city
      5. Touristic attractive features of Ulgii and Kazakh people
      6. Some galleries.


      Have a good visit to my Ulgii blog.


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